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The problem with ‘federalism’ is that most European citizens do not want it. This makes the federalist proposals in Tony Giddens’ new book unrealistic.
If Britain leaves the EU, the City of London will lose access to European markets – unless the UK aligns its financial rules with those of the EU.
Events in Ukraine give Germany a chance to lead EU foreign policy - if its own policy become less commercially-driven, and more strategic.
European rules have delivered cleaner air and water in Britain, and protected wildlife. Outside the EU, Britain would again be 'the dirty man of Europe'.
In the eurozone, quantitative easing by itself is unlikely to be effective. The European Central Bank needs to change the way it manages people’s expectations, too.
Lord Ashcroft’s polling shows that pro-Europeans can win an in/out referendum. But what are the best arguments to use in such a campaign?
Two decades of EU efforts to make Russia more European have failed. Europe needs a new, long-term strategy to defend its values and interests.
Europe should improve energy efficiency, develop all alternative gas sources, and expand renewable, CCS and nuclear energy. The foreign policy advantages would justify the cost.
John Kerr explains why breaking up is hard to do, and why no-one knows how exactly to reconnect an independent Scotland with the EU.