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With Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, deterrence in Europe has broken down. The EU and NATO must show resolve if they are to restore it.
NATO’s summit in September should decide what to do, with whom and how. Russia’s new-style warfare in Ukraine should make the alliance think.
Europe must play a greater role to promote East Asian security. Its economic interests, the relevance of the transatlantic relationship and ties with Asian partners are in jeopardy.
Strong suspicions of Russian involvement in the tragic shooting down of a Malaysia Airlines aircraft have led EU countries to consider new sanctions against Moscow.
Russia's gas deal with China helps Beijing more than Moscow. It should also encourage the EU to reduce its energy dependence on Russia.
Japan is drawing parallels between Russian and Chinese power politics. Tokyo supports European interests in Ukraine and elsewhere, but will Europe help Japan in its neighbourhood?
Most Belarusians have a somewhat weaker sense of identity than Ukrainians but they feel Belarusian rather than Russian.
Two decades of EU efforts to make Russia more European have failed. Europe needs a new, long-term strategy to defend its values and interests.