EU institutions & treaties

A guide to the referenda on the EU constitutional treaty

A guide to the referenda on the EU constitutional treaty

Daniel Keohane
27 October 2004
On October 29th EU leaders will formally sign the new EU constitutional treaty at a ceremony in Rome. The 25 EU governments will then have two years to ratify the document. Governments can ratify the constitutional treaty by a parliamentary vote, or they can hold a referendum – in a...
A new era in European democracy

A new era in European democracy

Steven Everts, Daniel Keohane
01 October 2004
The era of European integration by stealth is over. At least nine EU countries are committed to holding a referendum on the new constitutional treaty.
A fair referee?

A fair referee? The European Commission and EU competition policy

Alasdair Murray
01 October 2004
The EU's policies for enforcing competition and restricting state subsidies are among its biggest success stories. But the way the European Commission conducts these policies is coming under attack.
A guide to the referenda on the EU Constitutional treaty

A guide to the referenda on the EU Constitutional treaty

Daniel Keohane
01 October 2004
On 29 October 2004 EU leaders will formally sign the new EU constitutional treaty at a ceremony in Rome. The 25 EU governments will then have two years to ratify the document. Governments can ratify the constitutional treaty by a parliamentary vote, or they can hold a referendum – in a few member-states a referendum is mandatory.
Bulletin issue 38

Issue 38 - 2004

Charles Grant, Nick Butler, Steven Everts, Daniel Keohane
24 September 2004
Barroso's Galacticos? The new European Commission

Barroso's Galacticos? The new European Commission

Alasdair Murray
06 August 2004
José Manuel Durão Barroso unveiled his new Commission on 12 August 2004 – confirming his burgeoning reputation as a deft political tactician. Barroso has crafted a carefully balanced team, which emphasises his own independence as incoming Commission president.
The recipe for a successful Commission

The recipe for a successful Commission

Alasdair Murray
02 August 2004
Dear José Manuel Durao Barroso,Congratulations on your appointment as president of the European Commission. You were not everyone's first choice for the post ­ in fact you were initially not even in the running.
The EU constitutional treaty

The EU constitutional treaty: The final deal

Aurore Wanlin
25 June 2004
EU leaders finally reached agreement on the EU's new constitutional treaty at their Brussels summit on 18 June 2004. Although the summit was marked by a series of acrimonious exchanges, particularly between Jacques Chirac and Tony Blair, EU leaders were determined to agree the new treaty, following the embarrassing collapse of their previous summit in December 2003.
The EU constitutional treaty

The EU constitutional treaty: The state of play ahead of the summit

Aurore Wanlin
03 June 2004
European leaders gather in Brussels on 17-19 June 2004 for a 'make or break' summit on the EU's new constitutional treaty. The last time they tried, at the EU summit in December 2003, they failed to agree on the details of the document.
If Britain votes no ...

If Britain votes no ...

01 June 2004
Some people claim to know what will happen if a British referendum defeats the European constitutional treaty. Michael Howard, the Conservative leader, points out that the treaty cannot enter into force unless it is ratified by every member-state.
Bulletin issue 36

Issue 36 - 2004

Charles Grant, Heather Grabbe, Monica Roma
28 May 2004
An unstable house?

An unstable house? Reconstructing the European Commission

Alasdair Murray
05 March 2004
For fifty years, the Commission has not only overseen the EU's day-to-day functioning, it has also often led the debate on the Union's direction and future. However, over the last decade or so, the Commission has lost much of its credibility.
The EU budget

The EU budget: Common future or stuck in the past?

Iain Begg
06 February 2004
The EU's common budget is small and rather rigid. Most of its outlays are determined years in advance, and most of them go on just two policies, namely support for farmers and poorer regions. Yet the EU budget invariably attracts acrimonious debate and close scrutiny out of all proportion to its economic significance.
EU constitution

Should Britain hold a referendum on the EU Constitution?

Steven Everts and Charles Grant
01 January 2004
Dear Charles,
European leaders are busy drawing up a constitution which will set out what tasks the EU should and should not perform; clarify who is responsible for what; and specify how the EU takes decisions. Once governments have agreed a final text, the question becomes: how should each country...
After the Brussels summit

After the Brussels summit: What next for the EU?

Charles Grant, Katinka Barysch, Steven Everts, Heather Grabbe, Daniel Keohane, Alasdair Murray
16 December 2003
The manner and speed at which the Brussels European Council collapsed took most observers by surprise. Heads of state and government had arrived on the morning of Friday 12 December 2003, expecting negotiations to last until late on Sunday 14.
The CER guide to the Brussels summit

The CER guide to the Brussels summit

Charles Grant, Katinka Barysch, Steven Everts, Heather Grabbe, Daniel Keohane, Alasdair Murray
05 December 2003
It is six months since the European Convention, a gathering of parliamentarians, government representatives and experts, presented its draft for an EU constitutional treaty. Since November, the EU governments – the current 15, plus the ten due to join on 1 May 2004 – have been negotiating a revision of this draft, in an 'inter-governmental conference' (IGC).
Bulletin issue 33

Issue 33 - 2003

Charles Grant, Katinka Barysch, Steven Everts, Daniel Keohane, Adam Townsend
28 November 2003
The case for a stronger European Parliament

The case for a stronger European Parliament

Lousewies van der Laan
07 November 2003
The EU urgently needs a stronger and reformed European Parliament (EP). With 60 per cent of all legislation affecting citizens' lives discussed in Brussels, EU decision-making must become more democratic.
The CER guide to the draft EU constitution

The CER guide to the draft EU constitution

03 October 2003
For the fourth time in little more than a decade, the EU is trying to overhaul its institutions and policies. The EU’s previous attempts, which culminated in the treaties of Maastricht in 1992, Amsterdam in 1997 and Nice in 2000, were less than fully successful. Citizens still perceive the EU...