Foreign policy & defence

The EU needs defence convergence criteria

The EU needs defence convergence criteria

François Heisbourg
01 June 1999
The countries of the European Union spend on defence around 60 per cent of the US defence budget (approximately $145bn versus $265bn). But Europe does not have anything close to half of US capabilities when it comes to strategic lift, strategic intelligence or command and control.
What next for Kosovo?

What next for Kosovo?

Michael Maclay
01 June 1999
Although the guns have yet to fall silent, there is an urgent need to sort out the rehabilitation of Kosovo. Even under the best of scenarios, this is going to be an expensive and excruciating business.
Issue 6 - 1999 file thumbnail

Issue 6 - 1999

François Heisbourg, Kitty Ussher, Michael Maclay, Andrew Marr
28 May 1999
The end of EADC

The end of EADC

Charles Grant, Alexandra Ashbourne
01 February 1999
A little over a year ago the political leaders of Britain, France and Germany launched their plan for a European Aerospace and Defence Company (EADC).
Bulletin issue 4

Issue 4 - 1999

Charles Grant, Kitty Ussher, Ben Hall, Alexandra Ashbourne, Kitty Ussher
29 January 1999
A new model of European integration?

A new model of European integration?

David Harrison
01 December 1998
Ben Hall writes interestingly about the distinction between looser, inter-governmental forms of EU co-operation and actual EU legislation ('detailed, centrally-set rules') in CER Bulletin Issue 2. I agree such a distinction is helpful. But is it in fact new?
Since at least 1964 (and the landmark case of Costa v ENEL)...
Reshaping Europe's defence

Reshaping Europe's defence

01 December 1998
All across Europe, politicians and diplomats are scratching their heads and asking the same question: when was the last time that Britain came up with such a constructive initiative on the future of the European Union?
Bulletin issue 3

Issue 3 - 1998

Charles Grant, Rodric Braithwaite, Ben Hall, Kitty Ussher
27 November 1998
Bulletin issue 9

Issue 9 - 1999

Charles Grant, Tim Garden, John Roper, Charles Leadbeater
27 November 1998
Turkey and the European Union

Turkey and the European Union

David Barchard
03 July 1998
Relations between Turkey and the European Union have seldom been worse. Unless they improve, this strategically-crucial country may turn its back on Europe. David Barchard calls on the EU to give firmer assurances that Turkey is eligible for membership.
Integration or isolation? Restructuring Europe's defence industry

Integration or isolation? Restructuring Europe's defence industry

Alex Ashbourne
01 July 1998
As the states of the European Union draw closer together, their inability to unite and restructure their defence industries is becoming ever more anachronistic. Britain, France and Germany currently have separate defence industries. In a united Europe, such duplication is neither necessary nor economically viable.
Trouble in the Med

Trouble in the Med

Dan Bilefsky
01 July 1998
Most of the European continent is more peaceful now than at any other time in its history. Except, that is, for the Balkans, with Kosovo on the brink of a full-scale Serb-Albanian war - and Europe's south-eastern fringe where another conflict is imminent: Turkey and Greece, two NATO allies, could end up at war.
Strength in numbers

Strength in numbers: Europe's foreign and defence policy

06 September 1996
The countries of the European Union need to speak with a common voice on foreign policy. They share similar fundamental interests, which are sometimes distinct from those of the Americans.
Opening the door

Opening the door: The enlargement of NATO and the European Union

William Wallace
06 September 1996
Britain and its European allies are now committed to a radical redrawing of their continent's political and economic map.
US missile defence: Strategically sound, politically questionable

US missile defence: Strategically sound, politically questionable

Bruno Tertrais
In Europe, both governments and the broad spread of public opinion have been largely sceptical about, or opposed to, missile defence. Arguments between the Europeans and the Bush administration over missile defence – combined with tensions over the European Security and Defence Policy, and American participation in Balkan peacekeeping operations...
The EU and Iran: How to make conditional engagement work

The EU and Iran: How to make conditional engagement work

Steven Everts
The IAEA's decision to censure Iran for its nuclear activities but also to give Tehran time to co-operate with inspectors creates a breathing space. The EU should use it to put forward a broader set of policies, fleshing out the political and economic incentives it is offering Tehran, while making...