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Charles Grant, director of the pro-EU Centre for European Reform, said Mr Juncker’s valiant efforts to do something substantive have been scuppered by powerful opponents.
"Gazprom is very much a tool of Russian foreign policy," says Rem Korteweg, senior research fellow at the Centre for European Reform. Every major deal that Gazprom signs is approved by Putin, people in the energy industry say.
Kotka claims e-residency will be totally secure. To qualify, you must supply biometric data — like finger prints — and be vetted. However, Ian Bond of the CER is not entirely reassured.
With these credentials, the two men seemed ideally suited to guide the Riksbank’s policy through the turmoil, says Christian Odendahl, chief economist at the Centre for European Reform.
"Putin regner med, at den europæiske industrilobby vil sørge for, at sanktionerne ikke forlænges næste år", siger Ian Bond, udenrigspolitisk direktør ved CER.
The goal of a capital markets union should be to develop healthy non-bank sources of finance. This should be achieved mainly by liberating, not controlling markets.
The G20 should implement its 2009 pledge to phase out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies, and give the money instead to the Green Climate Fund.
Europe should increase its role to promote East Asian security. Its economic interests, transatlantic ties and relations with Asian partners are in jeopardy.
As EU judges prepare to rule on issues like the euro, Facebook and benefit tourism, Hugo Brady gives a political and legal analysis of the ECJ.
Eurozone governance is politically unsustainable: its rules and institutions favour creditor over debtor countries. Eurozone policy-makers need to change direction before it is too late.
Ukraine’s elections were good news, but there is plenty of bad: political, economic and military.
Energy union should result in a connected European energy market, not a single buyer for imported gas.
Free movement is good for Britain’s economy. Britain will struggle making the case for reform.
Hungary under Victor Orban is backsliding on democratic values. Member-states need to look for ways to bring Orban back into liberal European mainstream.
The EU and US should extend the nuclear negotiations with Iran. The falling oil price could pressure Tehran to compromise.
Eurozone stagnation will encourage migration to Britain, boost its EU budget contributions, and rebalance its trade towards non-EU markets. This will embolden eurosceptics.